Causes of Climate Change

Human activity is increasing the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere in three important ways which is contributing to Climate Change:

Forests are being cut down

Trees absorb carbon dioxide throughout their lifetime, with fewer trees on the planet, more carbon dioxide builds up in the atmosphere. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that deforestation produces 5.9 billion tonnes of CO2 per year or 18 per cent of global CO2. Also agriculture and industry that replaces the forests are generally a source of CO2 emissions.

Fossil fuels are being burned

Burning fossil fuels like oil, gas and coal to generate heat and power homes, businesses and transport for example - releases greenhouse gases. In 2005, burning fossil fuels emitted about 27 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide.

The world’s population is continuing to grow

As the population grows it inevitability leads to an increased demand for food, livestock and energy, which is in turn leading to increased CO2 emissions.

Within the UK the level of Carbon emissions we are responsible for can be broken down as follows:

  • Approx 4% of carbon emissions come from industrial processes

     
  • Approx 7% are from agriculture – for example methane emissions from livestock and manure, and nitrous oxide emissions from chemical fertilisers.

     
  • Approx 21% are from transport

     
  • Approx 65% come from the use of fuel to generate energy (excluding transport)

     
  • Around 40% of all the emissions within the UK are the direct result of decisions taken by individuals.

     

The largest sources of carbon emissions for most people are likely to be:

Energy use in the home (the main use is heating)

If you turn down your thermostat by just 1°C you could reduce your carbon dioxide emissions by over 5% as well as saving you around £30-£35 per year

Driving

Why not walk to the shop on a Sunday morning instead of taking the car, not only will you reduce your carbon emissions, you will save money and the exercise is good for you!!!! Offset your cars carbon footprint  here

Air travel

Only travel if you really need to. Try and opt for an operator that has chosen to reduce their level of carbon emissions and that are actively working towards finding a cleaner solution. If you have done all of the above, offset your flight to help towards our 2010 campaign. Off set the carbon footprint of your flight here

 

 

 

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